Boston MA (SPX) May 18, 2011
Earlier this year, Boston University researchers and collaborators conducted a mobile greenhouse gas audit in Boston and found hundreds of natural gas leaks under the streets and sidewalks of Greater Boston.
Nathan Phillips, associate professor of geography and environment and director of BU's Center for Environmental and Energy Studies (CEES), and his research partners will present these and related findings at NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) Global Monitoring Annual Conference, May 17-18 in Boulder, Colorado.
Phillips and partners Picarro, Inc., Gas Safety USA, and the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder are currently researching the economic and environmental impacts of these leaks.
Their work updates earlier findings that unaccounted-for gas amounted to eight billion cubic feet in Massachusetts, costing about $40 million. Such gas leaks have been implicated in damage and mortality of urban and suburban street trees. Evidence from other cities indicates that the situation in Boston is likely similar to cities and towns across the nation.
In an attempt to identify major methane sources in Boston and Indianapolis, Phillips and his research partners systematically measured methane (CH4) concentrations at street level using a vehicle-mounted cavity "ringdown" analyzer. A number of discrete sources were detected at concentration levels in excess of 15 times background levels.
Background levels of methane were also measured to be 10 percent higher than the world-wide average of 1.860 ppm. Measurements of CH4 concentration levels along with detailed location information will be presented. In addition, chamber flux measurements of discrete sources will also be presented.
Recent measurements indicate that urban emissions are a significant source of CH4 and in fact may be substantially higher than current inventory estimates. As such, urban emissions could contribute 7-15 percent to the global anthropogenic budget of methane.
Although it is known that the per capita carbon footprint of compact cities such as New York City, Boston, and San Francisco are smaller than sprawling cities such as Houston, the strengths of individual sources within these cities are not well known. Such information is of use to government policy makers because it can be used to incentivize changes in transportation and land use patterns.
The ESRL conference is part of a continuing effort by atmospheric scientists and other earth scientists to stay abreast of recent observations concerning trace gases, aerosols, radiation, ozone, and climate forcing and to provide a forum in which these observations can be relayed and discussed.
In addition to ESRL reports, the conference also will include presentation related to these themes by both independent and cooperative investigators, and other national and international programs.
Share This Article With Planet Earth
Powering The World in the 21st Century at Energy-Daily.com
Alberta oil patch threatened by wildfires
Ottawa (AFP) May 17, 2011
Wildfires forced evacuations in Canada's western oil-producing region oil on Tuesday, slowing or halting production of the largest oil and gas supplier to the United States. Companies with operations near Slave Lake, Alberta, which was engulfed by flames this week announced disruptions and the evacuation of their employees and their families. Penn West Exploration cut its production by 2 ... read more
Britain eyes 50-percent carbon emissions cut target|
Summer energy crunch for China?
Nobel winners put humanity on trial at sustainability talks
Japan to review strategies for energy, economy after quake
Coal power still reigns in Australia
Scientists suggest independent monitoring of deep-sea hydrocarbon industry
Australia's reliance on polluting coal surges
Researchers identify extensive methane leaks under streets of Boston
Evolutionary lessons for wind farm efficiency
Global warming won't harm wind energy production, climate models predict
Study: Warming won't lessen wind energy
Mortenson Construction to Build its 100th Wind Project
New solar product captures up to 95 percent of light energy
New Barometer published: photovoltaic barometer
Emerson To Provide Power Technology For One Of The Largest Solar Energy Projects In US
Lowe's Selects Sungevity For Residential Solar Partnership
Experts monitor nuclear plant in quake-prone Armenia
Moody's downgrades Japan's TEPCO
Moody's downgrades Japan's TEPCO
Japan shuts down atomic plant in quake danger zone
Multi-junction solar cells help turn plants into powerhouses
Eucalyptus tree genome deciphered
Turning plants into power houses
Counteracting Biofuel Toxicity in Microbes
Top Chinese scientists honored with naming of minor planets
China sees smooth preparation for launch of unmanned module
China to attempt first space rendezvous
Countdown begins for Chineses space station program
ECOS reviews proposed 'Carbon Farming Initiative'
Drought halts shipping on China's Yangtze
Britain 'in drought conditions' amid European heatwave
Chemistry curbs spreading of carbon dioxide
|The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2010 - SpaceDaily. AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by SpaceDaily on any Web page published or hosted by SpaceDaily. Privacy Statement|