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Geneva Feb 26, 2013
China breached the rules of international commerce by slapping anti-dumping duties on x-ray scanners imported from the European Union, the World Trade Organisation ruled Tuesday.
The WTO's dispute settlement body said that Beijing had hampered EU manufacturers' access to its market and should fall into line.
The WTO aims to ensure a level playing field in commerce among the 158 nations which make up its membership.
"Todays WTO ruling clearly confirms that countries using trade defence measures have to play by the rules," the EU's trade commissioner, Karel De Gucht, said in a statement.
"I will not accept tit-for-tat retaliation against European companies through the misuse of trade defence instruments. The panel report is very clear, so I expect China to remove the measures immediately."
Countries are allowed to impose special import duties on goods that fellow WTO members dump on their market at below cost, but must be able to show that the goods harm domestic producers.
The EU turned to the global body in 2011, saying China had failed to show how European-made x-ray security scanners were being dumped.
Under WTO rules, members who fail to fall into line can face retaliatory measures from their wronged trade partners.
China has 60 days to lodge an appeal against the ruling.
French rights groups file suit on Samsung labour practices
The groups, Peuples Solidaires, Sherpa and Indecosa-CGT, accused Samsung of deceiving consumers by violating its own promises on ethical working conditions and using child labour.
"While Samsung claims to respect the rights of the workers making its products by imposing codes of conduct including strict ethical standards, it closes its eyes to the disgraceful working conditions that prevail in the Chinese factories that manufacture on its behalf," the groups said in a statement.
It was not clear whether the French courts would agree to hear the complaint or what consequences the suit could have on Samsung's operations on France.
Samsung has acknowledged criticism of its plants in China but rejected charges of "inhumane" working conditions as "totally unfair".
It was reacting to a report in September by the US-based monitor China Labour Watch that contained a damning indictment of Samsung, saying the company forced employees at its China plants to work up to five times the legal overtime limit and denied them basic labour rights.
The group also alleged that children under the age of 16 were employed at one of Samsung's Chinese suppliers, HEG Electronics in Huizhou. The company said in November that a probe of its Chinese suppliers had found no evidence of alleged child labour.
The French groups said they were basing their complaint on the China Labour Watch report and described the suit as unprecedented.
"The French courts have never before ruled on the question of whether a company's deceitful ethical commitments can constitute a fraudulent commercial practice and so be a criminal offense."
Global Trade News
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